In the Northern part of India, the festival is celebrated by the name Bhai Dooj during the Diwali season. In Nepal, it is celebrated as Bhai Tika, after Vijaya Dashmi on the 5th day of Diwali. In Bengal, the festival is celebrated on the second day after Kali Puja by the name Bhai Phonta. And, in western India in Gujrat, Maharashtra, Goa, and Karnataka, the festival is celebrated by the name Bhau Beej or Bhai Beej.
Regardless of the differences in the name, Bhaiya Dooj is celebrated
under the common significance, which denotes the duty of a brother in
protecting his sister. On this auspicious day, the sister invites her brother
for the ceremony and lunch or dinner. During the Puja, but unlike Raksha
Bandhan, the ceremony doesn’t include Rakhi. Instead of that sisters only apply
a red or other Tilak as per their culture, and do Aarti. After the Aarti
brother gives a gift to the sister and in return gets one.
The main significance behind this day is that the Tilak applied by
the sister signifies her heartfelt wish for her brother’s long life. Also, the
day signifies every brother’s duty which is to cherish their bond with sister
and protect her from bad things.
Considering the second day of the Shukla Paksha of Kartik, this
year Bhaiya Dooj will be celebrated on the 16th of November. As for the Muhurat
for Bhaiya Dooj, according to the Drikpanchang, the best time for the Bhaiya
Dooj ceremony is between 01:27 PM to 03:42 PM.