Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival, which is celebrated to honour Lord Surya (Sun) and Chhathi Maiya, who is known as Lord Surya’s sister. Chhath Puja begins after four days of Diwali and it is celebrated for 4 days and this year, the Chhath Puja will be celebrated on October 31. As per the Hindu calendar, Chhath Puja is celebrated on the sixth day of the month of Karthika during the Vikram Samvat. This year, Chhath Puja is going to be celebrated from October 31 to November 3. Each day of Chhath Puja has its own significance. According to the calendar, October 31 is known to be Nahaye Khaye, November 1 is Kharna, November 2 will be known as Sandhya Arghya and November 3 will be referred to as Usha Arghya.
How To Do Chhath Puja: To follow Chhath Puja properly for the next 4 days, one should refer to the following four-day ritual and its significance.
October 31 Known As Nahaye Khaye:
Chhath Puja begins with Nahaye Khaye on Karthik Shukla Chaturthi. On the first day of this auspicious festival, the people who are fasting should clean the house and themselves. The ones fasting should wear new clothes and eat only vegetarian food.
November 1 Known As Kharna:
This is the second day of Chhath Puja where Nahaye Khaye vidhi is performed. The fast is observed on the day of Kartik Shukla Panchami. The fasters keep nirjal upwas for the whole day and will only eat Kheer which will be made of rice or jaggery rice as Prasad in the evening.
November 2 Known As Sandhya Arghya:
On the third day of Chhath Puja, Sandhya Arghya vidhi is been performed by the fasters. Again a nirjal upwas is observed on Karthik Shukla Shashti where they prepare Prasad for Chhath Puja. Here the one fasting makes a bamboo basket where they carry this basket on their head and take it to the riverbank, during the Arghya. Devotees then take a dip in the holy water body and worship Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya during the evening, after preparing the Prashad. The purpose of carrying it on their head is to present the Prasad respectfully to the Chhath Maiyya. On the same day, the people should perform a jagrata for Chhath Mata and should listen to the stories of fasting.
November 3 Known As Usha Arghya:
On the fourth and the last day of Chhath Puja, Usha Arghya vidhi is been performed on Kartik Shukla Saptami. The one fasting again has to visit the riverbank early in the morning (before sunrise) After the sun is raised, the fasters are supposed to offer arghya and then pray to Chhath mata and then make a wish for a son. Once the rituals are done, the fasters can go home and can distribute Prasad amongst everyone. After this, the fasters can break her fast.
Why Is Chhath Puja Celebrated?
Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated in the North amongst the married women. It is believed that Chhath Puja is performed in order to have a boy while some say that Chhath Puja is commenced for our well-being, development and prosperity, of both human beings and the planet.
We hope this information will turn out to be useful for all the devotees observing fasts and celebrating Chhath Puja!
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